Occlusal splint for sleep bruxism: an electromyographic associated to Helkimo Index evaluation

Keywords:  Sleep bruxism, TMJ, TMD, Occlusal splints, Masseter, Temporalis

This study aims to evaluate long-term effects of using an occlusal splint in patients with sleep bruxism (SB), using surface electromyography (EMG) of masseter and temporalis muscles, as well as the Helkimo Index.

The subjects were 15 individuals aged from 19 to 29 years, bearers of SB, with presence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD), which never have used occlusal splints.

The subjects answered the Helkimo’s Index and underwent EMG before and after 60 days of occlusal splints use. There was no indication of a significant decrease in mean EMG levels over the therapy in the muscles.

A significant decrease in TMD signs and symptoms were observed in SB patients after 60 days of occlusal splints therapy. Sleep and Breathing Volume 12, Number 3 (2008), 275-280, DOI: 10.1007/s11325-007-0152-8

According to the results of this research, sleep bruxism patients had a significant decrease in their TMJD signs and symptoms after 60 days of splint therapy. This is important to note because many patients may not have immediate results and is also consistent with our average treatment being around 90 days. The type of appliance used and the skill of the practitioner fabricating, fitting and adjusting the appliance ultimately determine its success. Dr. Stan Farrell is Board Certified in Orofacial Pain, making him one of the best choices for treating your TMJ disorder pain and discomfort. Call and schedule a consultation at 480-945-3629. www.headpaininstitute.com