Headache and facial pain: differential diagnosis and treatment.

Keywords: Headache, migraine, primary headache, temporomandibular joint disorder, TMD, TMJ, and secondary headache.

Have you recently experienced a headache or migraine? Most headaches are mild and can be managed within a short amount of time. A severe headache or migraine can have debilitating effects on a person’s well-being. Primary headaches, which are most common, include migraine and tension-type headaches. Secondary headaches occur as a result of other disorders including temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD). At AZTMJ, Dr. Stan Farrell focuses on the treatment of all types of headaches including migraine. Dr. Farrell is Board Certified and a member of the American Headache Society and a Diplomate with the American Board of Orofacial Pain, making him one of the best choices for your migraine headache treatment. If you or someone you know is experiencing the signs and symptoms of cluster headaches, please schedule an appointment for a consultation with Dr. Farrell at 480-945-3629. www.headpaininstitute.com

Bernstein JA1, Fox RW2, Martin VT3, Lockey RF4.

Abstract: Headaches affect 90% of the population sometime during their life. Most are benign and fleeting, some are serious and life-threatening, and others require ongoing medical consultation and treatment. A careful history and physical is necessary to establish a differential diagnosis and to guide the choice of testing to make an accurate diagnosis. The most common types of headaches are discussed in this review. They are divided into primary and secondary headache disorders as classified by the International Headache Society. Primary headache disorders include migraine without and with aura, cluster and tension-type headaches. Secondary headaches are those that occur as a result of some other disorder and include brain tumors, rhinosinusitis, diseases of intracranial and extracranial vasculature, and temporomandibular joint disease.