Gender Difference in Prevalence of Signs and Symptoms of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders: A Retrospective Study on 243 Consecutive Patients

Keywords:  temporomandibular joint dysfunction, TMD, temporomandibular joint , TMJ, orofacial pain, mouth, epidemiology, oral parafunctions, dental health, men, women, ear, headaches, bruxism, clenching and limited jaw movement

The study of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) continues around the world.  Dr. Stan Farrell, who is a Diplomate with the American Board of Orofacial Pain and a licensed General Dentist in the state of Arizona, is passionate about alleviating the pain caused by TMD.  He uses the most effective methods of treatment and works diligently to erase the pain caused by TMD in the lives of his patients.  He is also very aware that women tend to show more signs for TMD than men, which is supported by several years of observations within AZ TMJ.  In Turkey, several leading medical professionals were able to conduct an evaluation of signs and symptoms of TMD in women and men.  They concluded that women were more likely to experience pain associated with TMD than the men.  While the exact reasons require additional studies and conversations, this study did continue to show that a significant indicator of TMD for both sexes was pain.  If you are experiencing pain relating to your ear, headaches, limited jaw movement, popping, clicking or grating sounds in the joint and feel pain when opening and closing your mouth, schedule an appointment for a consultation with Dr. Farrell at 480-945-3629.

Bora Bagis, Elif Aydogan Ayaz, Sedanur Turgut, Rukiye Durkan, and Mutlu Özcan

Background:  This study evaluated the prevalence of the signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) among patients with TMD symptoms.

Methods:  Between September 2011 and December 2011, 243 consecutive patients (171 females, 72 males, mean age 41 years) who were referred to the Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon were examined physically and completed a questionnaire regarding age, gender, social status, general health, antidepressant drug usage, dental status, limited mouth opening, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) sounds, and parafunctions (bruxism, clenching). The data were analyzed using the chi-square test and binary logistic regression model (alpha = 0.05).

Results:  With a frequency of 92%, pain in the temporal muscle was the most common symptom, followed by pain during mouth opening (89%) in both genders. TMJ pain at rest, pain in the masseter muscle, clicking, grinding, and anti-depressant use were significantly more frequent in females than males. Age (p=0.006; odds ratio 0.954; 95% CI 0.922-0.987) and missing teeth (p=0.003; odds ratio 3.753; 95% CI 1.589-8.863) had significant effects on the prevalence of TMD.

Conclusion:  Females had TMD signs and symptoms more frequently than males in the study population. The most common problem in both genders was pain. (Int J Med Sci. 2012; 9(7): 539–544)